Investigation of the Use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Transportation Infrastructure

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The share of transport infrastructure in the economy occupies an important place in the financial indicators of many countries. Depending on the population growth, the need for flexible and cost-effective technological tools and methods in sustainability, including maintenance and repair of infrastructure services, is increasing daily. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a method to prepare 3D models of buildings, including their materials and characteristics while performing advanced energy efficiency analyses that can reduce construction time and material waste. BIM has been widely adopted in vertical architecture for construction, maintenance, and repair works, and there is significant potential for these methods to be useful in the transportation industry. This study aims to examine the intersections of transportation infrastructure in the context of BIM with a current literatüre review and discuss the results. Based on these discussions, current issues and trends, application and use, emerging technologies, benefits and challenges, limitations, areas where research is needed, and future needs are discussed. Furthermore, the benefits of integrated modeling with geographic information systems (GIS) BIM in construction projects related to transportation infrastructure and the provision of spatial accuracy in this context were highlighted. Although academic studies mainly focus on roads, highways, and bridges, it is evident that the use of BIM in transportation infrastructures is increasing. Transportation infrastructure companies and academia should collaborate to calibrate these results. In addition, the major shortcoming in the literature is that the standards and regulations on this topic are not yet mature.
Building Information Modeling (BIM); Geographic Information Systems (GIS); Transportation Infrastructures; Interface Management